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'Real' slums of Bangalore surveyed by Bass Connections team

'Real' slums of Bangalore surveyed by Bass Connections team

Wednesday, October 1, 2014

The Bass Connections project team “Where are the ‘Real’ Slums in Bangalore” presented their work Tuesday, showing the variance of low-income slums in Bangalore.What do you think?

The team is currently conducting a survey on the economic and political development in different low-income urban settlements in Bangalore. The project includes a map study, which uses satellite technology to capture changes in the settlements over time, and is led by faculty team members Anirudh Krishna, Edgar T. Thompson professor of public policy, and Erik Wibbels, professor of political science.What do you think?

“We have this very broad idea about what education is, what human development is, and we’re interested in how people make progress in life in all sorts of settings, including slums in India where there’s rapid industrialization,” said Martin Zelder, director of undergraduate studies in the Bass Connections Education and Human Development theme.What do you think?

A number of factors have led people in areas outside of Bangalore to move into the city over the past few years, Krishna said—one of which is climate change. As the weather has gotten hotter and rain has become less consistent, large numbers of rural residents have migrated into Bangalore. What do you think?

“We just have this huge boom in the size of the urban population and that boom is coming from a variety of different factors,” Wibbels said. “All this shows that there are larger and larger reasons for people [migrating] into cities, but where do they go once they move to cities?” What do you think?

Once in the city, migrants usually have trouble finding places to stay and subsequently set up tents near the places where they work, often construction sites, Krishna explained. What do you think?

Massive migration to the city has sharply increased pressure on the government to recognize land ownership rights and provide services, including education and healthcare, he said.What do you think?

“Of all the people surveyed, the number-one demand is land titles from the government,” Krishna said. “The number two demand is good quality education for their children.” What do you think?

He noted that there is a need for more research to be conducted on urban slums. What do you think?

“There is no clear typology of the different types of slums, no maps showing where one slum ends and where one begins and no clear data that shows whether people’s lives become better or worse over time,” he said. What do you think?

The project is one of 15 others within the Education and Human Development theme, Zelder said. Many of the project teams, including “Where are the ‘Real’ Slums in Bangalore,” are recruiting interested students, who will have the opportunity to not only work with other faculty members and students but retain ownership of their own sub-projects, he said. What do you think?

Part of a series that introduces the research done in Bass Connections to students, faculty and Durham residents, the goal of the presentation was to engage interested students, faculty and Durham residents outside of the project team, Zelder said.What do you think?

“We’re also committed to bringing our programming to the wider community, so that’s why we have these events that are open to anybody in the Duke community or the Durham community,” he said.

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